If you are unable to get pregnant after one year of regular trial or if you are unable to carry your pregnancy to termination, it can be said that you are infertile. I order to get pregnant a woman’s body must release an egg from her ovary(s), this process is called ovulation. The egg follows the fallopian tube and is fertilized along the way with a healthy sperm from the man before going in to the uterus (womb) and implanting itself on the uterus wall. Without this complete process you won’t be able to get pregnant (you’d be infertile).
According to a research by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) over 10% of the women in the US between the ages of 15 – 44 have difficulty getting pregnant. This shows that infertility is indeed a very common problem like many IVF experts in San Diego point out.
Contrary to what many people think infertility isn’t just a woman’s problem. It cuts across all sexes and can be caused by the following factors.
In The Men
Infertility is caused by low sperm count, the varicocele problem that leads to overheating of the testicles and eventual loss of sperm shapes, poor sperm transportation due to blockages on the sperm duct, injury and infection of the epididymis, hormonal imbalances due to pituitary tumors and many other sperm production problems including undescended testes, torsion, and retrograde or premature ejaculation.
In women infertility can be caused by ovulation disorders such as polycystic ovary syndrome and hyperprolactemia, severe uterine or cervical abnormalities including opening of the cervix, shape or cavity of the uterus/ womb, presence of tumors such as uterine fibroids, salpingitis usually the inflammation of the fallopian tubes, endometriosis that occurs when endometrial tissue implants and grows outside the uterus.
Typically a number of factors can increase the risk of infertility in both men and women. They include smoking, age, exposure to environmental toxins such as pesticides, benzene toluene, xylene, and other organic solvents. In addition to that are heavy alcohol use, drug or substance abuse, poor diet, and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). But not to worry all these factors that cause infertility can be treated the many infertility treatments that we have today.
In order to find out if couples are fertile doctors will perform common infertility tests such as an X-ray on the fallopian tube and the uterus, or a minor surgery that allows them to have a view of the abdomen the latter can easily allow doctors to find scarring and endometriosis. The two tests are referred to as hysterosalpingography and laparoscopy.
There are a number of options that doctors can use to treat infertility including the use of medi – care, behavioral therapy, and assisted reproductive technology.
Most Assisted Reproductive Technology have been used to successfully help the many people who are facing infertility today. They include Artificial Insemination, In Vitro Fertilization and Gestational Surrogacy among others. Because of these remedies infertility has been controlled.